Kharanorskaya Thermal Power Plant

Location: Yasnogorsk, Olovyanninsky District, Zabaikalsky Krai
Installed power generation capacity: 665 MW
Nominal heat output: 329.3 Gcal/h
Main fuel: coal from Urtuysky and Kharanorsky coal mines
Backup/pilot fuel: fuel oil
Start of operation: October 11, 1995
Director: Dmitry Aleksandrovich Timoshenko

Kharanorskaya TPP is the largest thermal power plant in Eastern Zabaikalie and the most powerful generator in Zabaikalie energy system. It makes a tremendous contribution to the development of Zabaikalie. The largest consumers of electricity from Kharanorskaya TPP include mining, railway, transportation and agricultural companies. The power plant sells all its electricity at the Wholesale Electricity Market. Kharanorskaya TPP generates more than 2.7 billion kWh per year. Its actual heat output is approximately 134 thousand Gcal.

The primary factors influencing the location of this power plant include an existing railway line, proximity to coal fields and a source of water (Onon River). Technical design of the power plant was approved by Soviet Ministry of Energy and Electrification in October, 1977. Main construction took place between 1990 and 1995. The first 215 MW power generation unit underwent comprehensive tests on October 11, 1995. On October 10, 2001, Kharanorskaya TPP launched its second power generation unit, and on November 16, 2012, the third power generation unit was launched.

Zabaikalsky Krai is a region in Eastern Zabaikalie and Siberian Federal District with the capital of Chita. Its total population exceeds 1106 thousand with urban population ratio of 64%. Zabaikalsky Krai has abundant mineral reserves. Relatively favorable conditions for agriculture and direct transport access to Asia-Pacific play an important role in development of the regional economy. The largest industries of Zabaikalsky Krai are mining, rail transport, coal and energy; 96.2% of energy generation are centralized. With the launch of the third power generation unit at Kharanorskaya TPP, Zabaikalie no longer suffers from shortage of electricity despite harsh environmental conditions including extreme continental climate, high seismic activity and permafrost.