Kostromskaya Thermal Power Plant

Location: Volgorechensk, Kostroma Oblast

Installed power generation capacity: 3,600 MW

Nominal heat output: 450 Gcal/h

Main fuel: natural gas

Backup fuel: fuel oil

Start of operation: June 29, 1969

Director: Andrey Aleksandrovich Nikolaev

Kostromskaya TPP is one of the largest and most technically advanced thermal power plants in Central Russia with record low fuel consumption in its class. It is the third largest power plant by installed capacity (3600 MW) generating approximately 3% of all Russian electricity.

Kostromskaya TPP was built in three phases. The first phase consists of four 300 MW coupled units launched between June, 1969, and December, 1970. The second phase consists of four additional 300 MW single units launched between November 1971 and June 1973. The third phase is a unique 1200 MW generation unit completed in December, 1980.

Kostromskaya TPP delivers its electricity to the Wholesale Electricity Market through regional companies in Kostroma, Ivanovo, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts, serving more than forty Russian regions and other countries.

Kostromskaya TPP is one of the largest taxpayers and employers in the region. It is a state-of-the-art facility maintaining the lowest fuel consumption and high reliability through advanced maintenance and repair operations. It has won numerous regional awards in the Russian Socially Efficient Enterprise contest.


Kostroma Oblast is located in the northeastern part of European Russia. It has a population of 667 thousand. It has one of the highest birth rates in the Central Federal District, shows stable improvement in standard of living, and has unemployment rate below 1%. Manufacturing industries represent the largest sector economy with approximately 30% of gross regional product. Abundant water resources, developed transportation industry and moderate continental climate make the energy industry a priority and an area of specialization for Kostroma Oblast. Power generation and distribution of electricity and gas constitute 27% of the overall industrial production in the oblast.