Location: Olgino, St. Petersburg
Installed power generation capacity: 900 MW
Nominal heat output: 700 Gcal/h
Main and backup fuel: natural gas
Emergency fuel: diesel
Start of operation: December, 2000
Director: Petr Petrovich Gumenyuk
Severo-Zapadnaya TPP is the first next-generation power plant in Russia relying binary steam-gas cycle—a cost-saving and environmentally friendly electricity and heat production technology. It is one of the most advanced power plants in Russia and Europe. With efficiency of 51.5%, steam-gas cycle significantly outperforms conventional generation units with efficiency under 40%. It is the only power plant of its kind in Russia in terms of technologies and environmental performance, and it is used as a model for new and overhauled generation facilities.
Construction of this power plant started in early 90s. In 1992, Russian Government issued a resolution “On Construction of Severo-Zapadnaya TPP in St. Petersburg and Production of Steam-Gas Generation Units.” The first concrete was poured in October, 1994.
The first 450 MW unit was launched in test mode in December, 2000. Construction continued, and the second 450 MW unit was launched in November, 2006. Also in November, 2006, Severo-Zapadnaya TPP delivered its first heat in addition to electricity.
The station provides heat to Primorsky District of St. Petersburg and is connected to energy systems of Russia and Finland.
St. Petersburg is a city, a federal subject and the administrative center of Northwestern Federal District. It is located in the northwestern part of the Russian Federation, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. It is the second largest city in the country, with population reaching the 5-million mark in 2012. St. Petersburg is an important economic, research and cultural center, a large transport hub and a major tourist destination. It is the 5th largest city in Russia by Gross Regional Product. It has more than 700 large and medium businesses, and more than 20 thousand small businesses. Heavy industries including shipbuilding, metallurgy and chemical industry are the basis of city economy. Geographical location and moderate continental to moderate maritime climate promote the development of heat and power generation industries. Heat and electricity infrastructure of St. Petersburg includes 11 combined heating and power plants, more than 6 thousand kilometers of heat pipelines, and approximately 60 thousand kilometers of overhead and underground electricity lines.